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Flea Control Basics


Fleas are difficult to eradicate because in most cases, there are many generations of fleas, in several different life cycles. The life cycles are Adults, Nymphs, Eggs, and Pupae. Fleas only feed on a pet during their Adult stage. After feeding, the adult flea lays eggs on the animal, the eggs immediately fall off the animal and lay around for days or weeks before they hatch into a nymph. The nymphs feed on organic debris until they pupae, and eventually become adults. No insecticides are able to kill the eggs or the pupae. The new adults then search out an animal to feed on, and the cycle starts over. There can be hundreds of generations that make up an infestation, all in various stages of their life cycles. The key to getting control of a flea infestation is persistence. A single application of any product will not give you the results you are looking for, you must treat the area and the host animal repeatedly, per the products instructions, until the many generations are knocked down. My sister had a flea infestation on her indoor cats. She hired an exterminator and he used the same products that we offer. After several months, all the life cycles run their course, and the fleas eventually were killed. She would still see fleas every day, for months, because the sprays would kill the adults, but the eggs kept hatching and the nymphs kept pupating etc. For a heavy infestation, the most effective product is Precor 2000 Insect Spray.


Fleas can lay from 50 - 60 eggs per day. Fleas live for about 90 days. Controlling the flea is not the easiest pest control job, but it can be done. Controlling fleas, like the control of most other pests, requires some understanding of what they need to survive and thrive, along with monitoring of the population.

 

Before using a chemical flea control product, remove and sanitize all pet bedding and favorite blankets, thoroughly vacuum your carpets. This removes many fleas, eggs, and larvae and opens up the carpet nap allowing the flea control chemical increased penetration. Vacuum under throw rugs, under beds and other furniture, along baseboards and under baseboard heaters. Vacuum upholstered furniture including beneath chair and sofa cushions. Pay special attention to areas around your dog's favorite hangouts. After vacuuming, remove the bag or contents of the vacuum cleaner and dispose of outside. DO NOT SKIP THIS LAST STEP OR YOU WILL QUICKLY BECOME REINFESTED.



Never use chemical flea and tick control products on puppies or on pregnant, very old or debilitated dogs without your veterinarian's approval.

Before using a fogger or room spray, READ THE DIRECTIONS AND WARNINGS provided by the manufacturer AND FOLLOW THEIR INSTRUCTIONS.

For severe infestations treatment by a professional pest control service might be needed.

Prevention is always the best flea control.

To protect your pets and your home, follow your veterinarian's recommendations and use flea control products according to directions for safe, year-round protection.

    • Although fleas prefer dogs & cats, they will bite humans.
    • Many dogs and cats are allergic to the flea's saliva that is injected into the skin when a bite occurs.
    • Many fleas carry tapeworms, which are ingested when your dog or cat grooms themselves.
    • Fleas can live on your pet year-round. Even if your pet is outdoors during the winter.
    • One female flea can produce up to 60 eggs per day and can live 3-4 months. That's over 7000 offspring.
    • A severe flea infestation can be life threatening in puppies and kittens.
    • The most effective treatment for fleas is early prevention.



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Controlling Fleas in the Home without Insecticides

Treating pets with a “on animal” spot formula is by far the easiest, cheapest and most effective way to control fleas on pets and in homes. Pet owners who have not proactively treated their pets by using a on animal spot product will now need to treat their homes, pets and possibly yards. Pet owners have several tools available to help control flea infestation in the home if insecticides cannot be used.

Treating the Pet

· Use Front Line or BioSpot If the pet has not been treated with an “on animal” spot formula.
· If treating the pet is not an option, use Adams Flea & Tick Shampoo to thoroughly wash the pet, and repeat as necessary.
· Use a flea brush to remove fleas from the pet, and immediately dunk the fleas in soapy water so they can’t escape.


Treating the Home

Flea Traps are easy to use and effective.
· Flea traps by Victor or SpringStar are effective in attracting and killing fleas. Place a flea trap in each room of the home, or any area of the home your pet has access to. Don’t forget garages and basements. Flea traps are most effective in helping prevent a flea infestation from getting out of hand.
· Monitor flea traps often and replace the capture pads as needed. Plan ahead and have extra capture pads on hand.
· Flea traps are at their best, as a precaution, even if you aren’t seeing fleas.


Vacuuming is extremely important to control fleas in the home.

· Inside the home, start by thoroughly cleaning and vacuuming everywhere pets have had access to. Vacuuming helps to remove flea eggs, larvae and pupae. Vacuum thoroughly, especially where pets rest or sleep. Be sure to vacuum along baseboards and under furniture, cushions, beds, and throw rugs. After vacuuming, discard the vacuum bag where the fleas cannot escape.
· Remove all toys, clothing, and stored items from floors, under beds, and in closets to make thorough vacuuming easier.
· Wash or discard the pets bedding and any rugs that the pet frequents.
· Be sure to clean furniture and drapery that hangs near the floor.


Outdoors use a flea repellent or insecticide.

· Use Dr T Flea Repellent outdoors to repel fleas.
· Spread the repellent in areas that pets rest, play or hang out.
· Give extra attention to shady areas around and beneath shrubs or other plantings that are attractive to fleas.

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Controlling a Flea Infestation in Homes using Insecticides

Pet owners who have not proactively treated their pets with an “on animal” spot formula will now need to treat their homes, pets and possibly yards. The pets, carpet, furniture and possibly outdoor areas now have to be treated at the same time using different insecticides. Mechanical controls should also be used along with using insecticides.

Treating the Pet

· Proactive flea prevention, by treating pets with a “on animal” spot formula is by far the easiest, cheapest and most effective way to control fleas on pets and in homes.
· There are several brands of “on animal” products to choose from. Begin treating in mid to late spring. Dogs and cats are the primary hosts of fleas in yards and homes and treated pets will kill fleas before they can infest the home.
· Use a flea brush to remove fleas from the pet, and immediately dunk the fleas in soapy water so they can’t escape

Insecticides

· Insecticides containing an IGR (Insect Growth Regulator) are very important for long-term control of flea infestations.
· After initial treatment with insecticides it may be necessary to retreat the home within two weeks.
· After treating, adult fleas may be present for several weeks because newly hatched fleas need exposure to the insecticides for several hours before they die.


Spot Spraying Use a product such as Precor 2000

· Spray carpets and other floor surfaces that pets have access to.
· Pay extra attention to areas that pets hang out, such as around and under furniture.


Foggers. Use a product such as Precor Plus foggers · Foggers are very effective; look for kits that include enough foggers for entire house.
· Foggers are flammable so be certain to turn off all pilot lights
· Birds and fish must be removed
· Take care to not breath the fumes
· Place fogger on cardboard or newspaper to protect table surfaces.
· Follow all directions on product container. Plan to leave the house for several hours.
· Thoroughly air out before re-entering structure.

Vacuuming is extremely important to control fleas in the home · Inside the home, start by thoroughly cleaning and vacuuming everywhere pets have had access to. Vacuuming helps to remove flea eggs, larvae and pupae. Vacuuming raises the nap of the carpet, helping insecticide treatments get deeper penetration where fleas hide. Vacuum thoroughly, especially where pets rest or sleep. Be sure to vacuum along baseboards and under furniture, cushions, beds, and throw rugs. After vacuuming, discard the vacuum bag where the fleas cannot escape.
· Remove all toys, clothing, and stored items from floors, under beds, and in closets. This step is essential so that all areas will be accessible for treatment. · Wash or discard the pets bedding and any rugs that the pet frequents.
· Be sure to clean furniture and drapery that hangs near the floor.

Outdoors. Most flea infestations can be eliminated by treating the pet and the interior of the home. In cases where pets spend some or most of their time outdoors, it is important to treat the yard as well. Use a product such as Bayer Home Pest Control.
· Focus on areas where pets rest, sleep, and run, such as doghouse and kennel areas, under decks, along fences and next to the foundation.
· Efforts should be concentrated around bushes, mulch or other moist, shaded areas.
· Rake up, bag, and discard as much thatch and debris as possible.
· Long-term control of fleas infesting kennels or outdoor areas can be enhanced with products containing an IGR (Insect Growth Regulator) such as Precor.

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Controlling Fleas in Homes by using Prevention is, by far the best way to control fleas. Pet owners who have not proactively treated their pets with a “on animal” spot formula will eventually need to treat their homes, pets and possibly yards.

Treating the Pet · Proactive flea prevention, by treating pets with a “on animal” spot formula is by far the easiest, cheapest and most effective way to control fleas on pets and in homes.
· There are several brands of “on animal” products to choose from. Begin treating in mid to late spring. Dogs and cats are the primary hosts of fleas in yards and homes and treated pets will kill fleas before they can infest the home.
· If treating the pet is not an option, use Diatect Flea & Tick Killer or shampoo your pet with Adams Flea & Tick Shampoo. These options will need to be repeated as needed.
· Use a flea brush to remove fleas from the pet, and immediately dunk the fleas in soapy water so they can’t escape.


Treating the Home Flea Traps are readily available and effective · Flea traps by Victor or SpringStar are effective in attracting and killing fleas. Place a flea trap in each room of the home, or any area of the home your pet has access to. Don’t forget garages and basements. Flea traps are most effective in helping prevent a flea infestation from getting out of hand.
· Monitor flea traps often and replace the capture pads as needed. Plan ahead and have extra capture pads on hand.
· Flea traps are at their best, as a precaution, even if you aren’t seeing fleas.

Spot Spraying Use a product such as Petcor Flea Spray, Adams Inverted Carpet Spray or Precor 2000 to spot treat areas likely to harbor fleas.
· Spray carpets and other floor surfaces that pets have access to.
· Pay extra attention to areas that pets hang out, such as around and under furniture.


Vacuuming is extremely important to control fleas in the home. · Inside the home, start by thoroughly cleaning and vacuuming everywhere pets have had access to. Vacuuming helps to remove flea eggs, larvae and pupae. Vacuuming raises the nap of the carpet, helping insecticide treatments get deeper penetration where fleas hide. Vacuum thoroughly, especially where pets rest or sleep. Be sure to vacuum along baseboards and under furniture, cushions, beds, and throw rugs. After vacuuming, discard the vacuum bag where the fleas cannot escape.
· Remove all toys, clothing, and stored items from floors, under beds, and in closets. This step is essential so that all areas will be accessible for treatment.
· Wash or discard the pets bedding and any rugs that the pet frequents.
· Be sure to clean furniture and drapery that hangs near the floor.


Outdoors Most flea infestations can be eliminated by treating the pet and the interior of the home. In cases where pets spend some or most of their time outdoors, it is important to treat the yard as well. · Use Dr T Flea Repellent outdoors to repel fleas, or for treatment with an insecticide, use a product such as Bayer Home Pest Control.
· Focus on areas where pets rest, sleep, and run, such as doghouse and kennel areas, under decks, along fences and next to the foundation.
· Efforts should be concentrated around bushes, mulch or other moist, shaded areas.
· Rake up, bag, and discard as much thatch and debris as possible.
· Long term control of fleas infesting kennels or outdoor areas can be enhanced with products containing an IGR (Insect Growth Regulator) such as Precor.



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